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Meaning of Sura Fatiha- A Scientific Paradigm



Ambassador Syed A. Ahsani


Auzu -bi Llahi Mina Shaitan al-Rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman Al Rahim


I seek protection and refuge, with Succor of Allah, the Repository of all Hopes and Aspirations, from all Evil of Satan, the Rejected , ever Distant from all Good.


With the Glorious Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, and Sustaining Source of All Mercy in this World and Hereafter.


Alhamdo Lillah.e. Rabbil Aazlalmeen, Ar Rahman Al Rahim


All thanks and praise   is for Allah, the Sustainer and Cherisher of – the, Universes, the Cosmos, indeed the Entire Creation-for its Existence, Sustenance and Cherishing.

Indeed, He is The Benevolent and Merciful to the Highest Unlimited, Infinite Degree


Malik e- Yom el Din


For, He is  the Absolute Owner,Sovereign, King of Kings,  of this transient  Cosmos since its Creation,  and the Hereafter-the Eternity- where on completion/winding  up of  Cosmos -its and its Inmates -Existence, Evolution and Action, when they will enter an Eternal, Never ending, Interminable, Infinite Era –an Era where they will be adjudged  for their actions,  and their deeds evaluated according  to  how the Beings lived and passed though the Trials for which purpose they were created.


Alhamdo Li-lllahi –All Thanks and Praise are due to Allah, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the Supreme.


Ali I Ibne Abu Talib (RA) said Allah chose this word for Himself. According to Ibanez Abbas Al Hamid is expression of thanks. In response Allah says my slave expressed thanks to me. Amen Islamic also believes that Al-Hamid covers   both sense of Praise, as is commonly translated, as well as thanks. To Him for His infinite Mercy and Bounty.


According to Ibanez Kathie, when some one also said-“Yaw Rib Lack al Hamid Kaman Yanbaghili Jalali Wajhika wa-Azim Sultanika”, Prophet stated  appreciatively that Allah directed the Angels to copy it, as this person  will be rewarded on the Day of Encounter .i.e. ,in the  Hereafter.


Rabbil Aalameen-Creator of all Land, Sea, Space, All Creation ( in Earth or Heavens)or, or anything in between,-known or unknown-Humans and Jinns every thing with Soul-600  Worlds- on Land,400 under the Sea, some say a total of 17,000 Worlds, apart from those being created every day-(500 Galaxies were discovered recently).  The exact number being known to Allah.


Rab means Owner, Supreme Leader, and Authority Reformer for Good. The Word Rab, being exclusively reserved for Allah only cannot and should not be used as name for any one, except with prefix-Abdul


Viewed in the context of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, E (Energy_ is equal to Mass (Matter) multiplied by the square of the speed of light (186,000--miles per second)-Alameen refers to Mass or Matter i.e., Universes, Cosmos and Creation, essentially Special Concept? What is relationship of Cosmos to Space, Allah knows best


Al Rahman Al  Rahimi: Al-Rahman is the highest degree of Mercy for Allah says “ I am Rahman, I created Mercy, I will unite with one who promotes it, will sever from one who breaks relations.Al Rahman is reserved for Allah, encompassing all kinds of Mercy and Blessings for All Creation while Rahim is for Bellievers-“wa Kana bil Momimin Rahima. ” As name Rahman is reserved exclusively for Allah, forbidden for others-Abdul Rahman is permissible.


Amin Islahi:”After transitory existence is over; believers will be blessed with Allah’s Mercy in everlasting   hereafter”


Malik-e Yom i-ddin-Master of the Day of Judgmental usually translated is very restrictive in meaning. Ignoring the vast canvass intended in this short verse, the kernel of Sura Fatiha. Ibne Kathir avers that Deen also means Mazhab and Shari at-faith and code-, the laws of the land, whose  Author or Originator’s  obedience  is obligatory, for He is the One who is to recompense our deeds with the rewards and punishment, according to their nature-good or evil.


Malik and Malik are two well-known recitations. Besides, Maleek and Malikee have also been recited. All For are correct Specifying Day of Judgment  due to  the fact that no body else with claim Ownership  that day except Allah Ibne Kathir says relating ownership or attributing  Milkiat to Allah for the Judgment Day should not imply that  everything else ,apart from the Day of Judgment  is excluded No, far from it.. .Earlier, Allah has defined Himself as Rab of Cosmos or entire Creation, including all the Cosmos and Everlasting, Interminable, Abiding Hereafter.


According to Amin Islahi Deen has five(5 meanings:1).Madhab and Shariat-Faith and Code from the Beginning till the end of Time; 2).Law of the Land; 3).Obedience or Submission;4).Reward and Punishment;5) Beginning  to  End of Time


Referring to the meaning of Deen as the Day of Judgment, Caliph Omar Bin Khattab (May Allah be Pleased with him) said Take Account of your Self before you are judged; weigh your deeds before they are weighed in the Scale; be prepared for the Encounter before Allah from whom no deed of yours is hidden for Allah has stated the Day you will brought in His presence, nothing will remain secret.


In scientific perspective, Deen refers to Dahar or Time for which Shariat has been given to all being, (Jinns and Humans) At the beginning in the first verse, Alameen alludes to, (as explained before), Mass (Matter). What then is the relationship of Mass to Space? Is it not that Mass is afloat in Space. What then is Space?  What is the relationship of Space with Time? Scientists say Energy intersects Space and Time.  Allah knows best.


Iyyaka Naabudo Wa Iyyaka Nastaeen   


Iyyya means Light of the Sun; Ibadat or Worship amounts to lowering one self i.e., become lowly-.Maabad means the way which is lowly. In Sharia it Ibadat or Worship means Love, Concentration and Meditation mixed with Eat According to Ibne Abbas,the verse means”:O.Our Lord! We recognize You and fear You In other words a believers is saying we do not worship anybody else nor will do it in future; do not rely on anone nor will in future.


The secret of Sura Fatiha is abandoning all Shirk-i.e. Associating Partners with Him.


Iyyaks Nastaeen tantamounts to negation of one’s strength, power, entrusting all affairs to Supreme Being. In other words, a Belleiver says we deny our strength and Power and entrust every thing big or small to You (Allah) the Most High.


Here Tawhidi paradigm is being reaffirmed   by saying. We believe in Your Oneness (Tawhid) only and fear You only-as Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer- . In other words implying:  that Allah is the only Repository of Hope .and fear...


After Iyyaka Naabudo (the real purpose-is Worship is Allah which ranks first), Iyyyaka Nastaeen means we beg and seek your full help and succor.  In pursuing. The path or essence of Worship i.e. Constancy. as well as Provisions of life. (Amin Islahi says Allah is so generous that he grants provision of every being without his asking.) Use of plural tense, especially in Congregation (or as Imam) means   one is calling Him on behalf of all- be it family, relations or all believers.




At the start of the prayer, after Niyya (intention), protection of Allah is sought, in a soft voice or loudly from Satan, the Rejected one.  Before starting recitation of Quran.The Messenger (PBUH) asked Abuzar Ghaffari to seek protection of Allah from Satan of Humans or Jinns. Its recitation afterwards is also recommended to remove the pride of recitation of Quran


 At the start of Sura Fatiha, after seeking protection from Satan in the first Rakat, Bismillah-ir-Rahman- ir Rahim, is to be recited, (not in the other Rakats)...Tadition says anything  not started with Bismillah-(Name of Allah, Isme-e-Azam) is devoid of blessing..  Gabriel asked the Messenger (PBUH) to say it before the first Revelation.



In Prayer t is obligatory to recite Sura Fatiha, is to be recited, (otherwise, if one forgot,Sijda Sahav-(extra prostration at he end) when Imam is reciting loudly, follwers may recite it softly (not obligatory, they can remain silent)


Tradition says Sura Fatiha is half is mine, the other half are Believers’s entreaties from me. Of 7 Verses, three and half are for Praise and Thanks of Allah, the Supreme Being. When he says Alhamdo Lillahe Rabbil Alameen, Allah replies:"My slave thanked me"; when he says Al- Rhaman- ir- Rahim,Allah replies:"My  slave has praised me"; when he says Malike Yomiddin,Allah acknowledges :"My slave glorified me".


In parenthesis, Allah says elsewhere O Messenger when your spirit despairs due to enemy opposition, resort to reciting Subhanallah and express thanks and praise Allah, and prostrate-go on worshipping till your final Hour-death. Al-Rhazes believes the station of Worship stands superior to Messenger hood.


A .Sufi scholar of Iran, Mulla Sadruddin  Shirazi has aptly  described four stations that a Mystic undergoes called Sulook:-1) Ascension from Creation to Creator;2) Merger or Stay with Creator or -Fana Fillah; 3) Descent from Creator to Creation; 4) Abode with Creation.


To be followed)  


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