August 8, 2007
The following are just some examples and not everything that was recording during that time.
1- The books of the Prophet peace be upon that were written to the kings and rulers of his era.
The Prophet peace be upon him sent numerous books to the kings of the Arabs and non Arabs of his era, inviting them to Islam and showing them the foundations of the creed of this new religion, and the texts of these books have been discovered in several hadith records and historical books. And the most famous of these books are:
His book to
Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantine
2. The Treaties, Covenants, and Agreements
The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, ordered a number of these treaties to be written according to need, and among those are:
agreement with the tribe of Dhamrah upon their security and the safety of their
individuals and property in return for their assistance in repelling the enemies
from Madeenah, and that is in the 1st year Hijri (abbreviated as. H.)
3. The Agreements, the Decisions of Pardoning, and Giving Lands
A number of documents have been written by the order of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, among them are:
pardoning of Suraqah Bin Maalik
4. The writing of speeches and varying Ahadeeth, such as:
writing of Khutbah (speech of) Al-Wadaa` by Abee Shaah, and it is narrated in
the Saheehain (Bukhari and Muslim).
B. the writers of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him (1).
The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, had a group of writers that reached sixty writers, and they had different specialization:
writers of the Holy Qur’an when it was revealed unto the Prophet, peace and
blessings be upon him.
What the Sahabah (companions of the Prophet) wrote during the time of the
Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him:A number of Sahaabah have
recorded hadeeths from the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, with the
purpose of memorization or taking benefit from it, and among those:1. The
genuine journal of `Abdullaah bin `Amr bin Al-`Aass, and it contained
Examples of the writings of the Sahaabah
1. The book of Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with him, to Anas bin Maalik, his worker in Bahrain, which begins with, “In the name of Allaah, the most merciful, the giver of mercy: This is the obligation of charity that the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, ordered with, and what Allaah ordered His slave with”, and it is a long Hadeeth that was collected by al-Bukhari and others.
2. The book of `Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him,
to `Utbah bin Farqad, his worker on Bahrain, Imaam Ahmad narrated from Abi
`Uthmaan an-Nuhdi, who said, “We were with `Utbah bin Farqad, so `Umar wrote to
him things narrating from the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him..
3. and al-Baraa’ bin `Aazib used to narrate Hadiths to the Taabi`een and they used to write his Hadeeth from the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him; for on the authority of `Abdullaah bin Khanees he said, “I saw them with al-Baraa’ writing on their hands with cane.” (2)
4. And Anas bin Maalik used to dictate the Hadeeths to his students, until if the people overwhelmed him, he brought some journals of books and he layed them, and then he said, “These are hadeeths that I have heard and written from the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, and I showed them to him.” (3)
5. And `Abdullaah bin Mas`ood had a book that has hadeeths, and it was with his son after that, for on the authority of Ma`n he said, “`Abdur-Rahmaan bin `Abdullaah bin Mas`ood brought out a book and he swore that it was the handwriting of his father.” (4)
6. And Mu`aawiyah bin Abee Sufyaan wrote to al-Mugheerah bin Shu`bah and said, “Write to me with something that you heard from the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings be upon him, so al-Mugheerah wrote to him [and mentioned], ‘That he (the Prophet, salla-llaahu `alaihi wa sallam) used to forbid Qeel and Qaal (gossip), asking many questions, and wasting money.” (5)
7. And al-Hasan bin `Ali used to tell his children and his brother’s children, “Learn, Learn, for indeed you are the youngsters of today’s people, and tomorrow you will be their elders, so whoever from among you does not memorize then let him write and keep it (meaning the writing) in his house.” (7)
8. And Ibn `Abbaas had some boards that he used to write on Hadeeths from the Sahaabah, and he ended up with a collection of many books and journals, and Salmaa, the wife of Abee Raafi`, the supporter of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said : “I have seen `Abdullaah Ibn `Abbaas come to my husband, Abee Raafi`, carrying wooden boards to write [on them] the hadeeths of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him.” (8) 9. Ibn `Umar had some books; he would not come out of his house before looking at them. (9)10. Samrah bin Jundub had a copy that had many hadeeths, that arrived with his son, Sulaimaan, and [as well as] al-Hasan al-Basree, and both of them narrated from it. (10)11. Sa`d bin `Ubaadah was one of those who obtained the nickname of “Kaamil” (complete man) in Madeenah before Islaam because of his knowledge in writing, and he had recorded many hadeeths in a book, and his son narrated from it. (11)12. Mu`aath bin Jabal had a book that contained some hadeeths, it ended up in the possession of Ibn `Aa’ith, and he had another book that went to Musa bin Talhah” (12)13. And Abee Raafi`, the supporter of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, had a book that had hadeeths, he gave it to Abi Bakr bin `Abdur-Rahmaan bin Hishaam. (13) 14. And Ka`b bin `Amr had a collection of Hadeeth journals. (14)
15. The books of Abu Hurairah, may Allaah be pleased
16. And Jaabir bin `Abdullaah had a journal that `Abdur-Razzaaq benefited from in his Musannaf . (16)
17. And Raafi` bin Khadeej had a collection of written Ahadeeth. (18)
18. And Sham`oon al-Azdee had journals that had his Hadeeths in them, and it is said that he is the first one who wrote on the surface of paper. (19)
These are examples from eighteen Sahaabis who wrote Ahadeeth, and it is enough proof of the many writings of the Sahaabah, and whoever wanted to examine he would find many [examples] other than these.
Translated from “Hujjiyat as Sunnah” by Dr Houcine Chouat, with slight editing.
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