Jumu'ah –Is there a Sunnah prayer before and after Jumu’ah?
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) used to come out of his house on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday) and
climb up on his mimbar. Then the muezzin would give the Adhaan, and when he
finished, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would start
Hence the majority of the imams agreed that there is no
sunnah to be done at a specific time before Jumu’ah with a specific number of
rak’ahs, because that would have been reported from the words or actions of the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and nothing of that nature
has been reported from him.
“I have not seen anything to indicate that the three imams recommended praying Sunnah before it [Jumu’ah].”
For that reason this so-called Sunnah is not mentioned in 'Kitaab al-Umm' by Imaam al-Shaafa’i, or in 'al-Masaa’il' by Imaam Ahmad, or by any of the other early imaams, as far as I know.
Those who pray this Sunnah are not following the Messenger or imitating any of the imams; on the contrary, they are imitating the later scholars who are like them in that they are also imitators [of earlier scholars] rather than mujtahideen [scholars who investigate and form their own rulings]. I am amazed to see an imitator imitating another imitator.
(See al-Qawl al-Mubeen, 60, 374).
Moreover, between the first call of Jumu’ah prayer and the second call, there should be sufficient time for people to get ready to pray, not just the time it takes to pray two rak’ahs or thereabouts, as is done in some countries and some mosques.
“This is one of the Bid’ahs which was not reported from the
Prophet or from his companions. What is prescribed in Islam is for people to
remember Allaah Alone after the prayer, in accordance with the teachings of the
Messenger of Allaah, and this should be done aloud, as reported in Saheeh
al-Bukhaari from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both), who
With regard to the prayer after Jumu’ah,
When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
had prayed Jumu’ah, he would enter his house and pray two Rak’ahs of Sunnah,
and he commanded those who had prayed it to pray four rak’ahs afterwards.
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