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The Muslim treats his neighbor in the best way he can

Posted by: "The Ideal Muslim"   forthemuslim

Tue May 5, 2009 1:54 pm



The Ideal Muslim: Characteristics of the Ideal Muslim According to the Qur'an and the Sunnah



The True Islamic Personality of the Muslim Man  as Defined in the Qur'an and Sunnah


By  Dr. Muhammad 'Ali Al-Hashimi 

Translated by Nasiruddin Al-Khattab and Revised by Ibrahim M. Kunna and Abu Aya Sulaiman Abdus-Sabur

Copyright and published by the International Islamic Publishing House (IIPH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 1999.


The Ideal Muslim is a man of the highest moral character. In his relationship with his Rabb, himself, family, parents, relatives, friends and the community at large, he has a most excellent example in the prophet of Islam (pbuh). His idealism is further strengthened by the characters of the first generations of Muslims who excelled in all the various fields of human endeavor. He is reassured by the teachings of Islam that he also can reach these noble heights by working to improve his character daily.


Chapter 7: The Muslim and His Neighbors


The Muslim treats his neighbor in the best way he can


The Muslim who understands the teachings of his religion hastens to treat his neighbor in the best way he can. Nothing is too insignificant when it comes to respecting his neighbor, as some ignorant people think they may think something is too small to be worth giving as a gift to a neighbor, so they refrain from giving it, thus depriving themselves and their neighbors of much goodness. This is something the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) pointed out to women in particular, as many of them may feel too shy to offer a small gift to a neighbor:


"O Muslim women, do not think that any gift is too insignificant to give to a neighbor, even if it is only a sheep's foot." (Bukhari and Muslim)


A sheep's foot is a thing of little value, but it is better than nothing, and no woman should feel that any gift is not worth giving to a neighbor. Allah (S.W.T.) says:


"Then shall anyone who has done an atom´s weight of good, see it! "  (Qur´an 99:7)


And the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said:


"Save yourself from the Fire even by giving half a date in charity." (Bukhari)


But this hadith, which is general in application, may also be taken to mean that the recipient should not look down on the gift. The meaning then is: No (female) neighbor should scorn the gift given to her by another (female) neighbor, even if it is it is just a sheep´s foot. Rather, she should thank her for it, because gratitude engenders friendship among neighbors and encourages mutual support and help. This is in addition to the fact that thanking people for favors is a basic Islamic trait which the Prophet (s.a.w.s.) strongly encouraged:


"The one who does not give thanks to people does not give thanks to Allah (S.W.T.)." [5]



[5] Reported by Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad.



 How to treat a servant

Posted by: "Mohammad Usman"   usmankkkk

Tue May 5, 2009 2:19 pm


B i s m i l l a a h i r R a h m a a n i r R a h e e m


How to treat a servant

Adil Salahi | Arab News


Al-Maaroor ibn Suwayd(r) reports: "I met Abu Dharr(r) at Rabadhah when

he was wearing half a suit and his servant half a suit. I questioned him

on this and he said: 'I had a heated argument with someone and I abused

his mother.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to me: 'Are you, Abu

Dharr(r), speaking ill of his mother? You still have remnants of

ignorance, or Jahiliyyah. Your servants are your brethren whom Allah has

placed under you. Whoever has a brother of his under him should feed him

of the food he eats and clothe him of the same clothes he wears. Never

ask them to do what is too hard for them. Should you do, and then help

them.'" (Related by Al-Bukhari).


To start with, the suit worn by Arabs at the time consisted of a shirt

and a jacket of the same material. In some cases, the term is used to

refer to three matching pieces. What Abu Dharr(r) did in this case was

to give his servant either the shirt or the jacket leaving the other

piece for him.


There are several reports of this Hadith. From these we learn that Abu

Dharr(r)'s argument was with Bilal(r), who was a black man of Abyssinian

origin. Apparently, in the heat of their argument Abu Dharr(r) said to

him, 'You, son of an Abyssinian woman,' or, 'son of a black woman!' The

Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him that this was intolerable,

smacking of the pre-Islamic days of Jahiliyyah. The term Jahiliyyah is

derived from the root Jahl, which means ignorance, and refers to the

state that prevailed in pre-Islamic days or to any state where people

conduct their affairs in isolation of divine guidance. Abu Dharr(r) was

very sorry and wanted to make amends. He put his head on the grounds,

swearing that he would not lift it until Bilal(r) had stepped over it.


From that point onward, Abu Dharr (r) was careful that his conduct must

always be exemplary in the implementation of Islamic rules. We see this

in the way he treated his servant, giving him half his suit to wear,

while he himself wore the other half. He took the matter literally. This

is not required. What is required is that a Muslim must treat his

servant in a fair and reasonable manner, so as the servant is not made

to feel inferior. The Prophet (peace be upon him) makes clear that we

must feed our servants of the food we eat and give them clothes of the

type we wear. This does not mean that servants should sit at table with

the family employing them, but rather they should eat of the same type

of food the family eats. When Abu Dharr(r) gave his servant half his

suit, some of the Prophet (peace be upon him)'s companions mentioned to

him that he should wear both parts himself and give his servant

something else to wear. He preferred to take the Prophet (peace be upon

him)'s remonstration literally.


The other point the Hadith makes clear is that servants must not be

asked to perform duties that are too hard for them. Unfortunately this

is often the case. A maid or a servant is often asked to perform task

after task all day long, giving her little time to rest. The Prophet

(peace be upon him) makes clear that when such people are expected to

perform such tiring tasks, help should be provided for them. Such help

may be by providing tools that make the performance of the required

duties easier, or by providing more manpower to perform the tasks in



We note also that the Prophet (peace be upon him) refers to servants as

"your brethren." This emphasizes the fact that Islam considers all human

beings equal. No distinction is permissible on account of race, color,

nationality or social status. We are all equal in Allah's sight and we

must always be aware of this equality when treating the weaker elements

in society.


Authored By: Adil Salahi

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