Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc.
Seeking Advancement of Knowledge through Spiritual and Intellectual Growth

International ConferenceAbout IRFIIRFI CommitteesRamadan CalendarQur'anic InspirationsWith Your Help

Articles 1 - 1000 | Articles 1001-2000 | Articles 2001 - 3000 | Articles 3001 - 4000 | Articles 4001 - 5000 | Articles 5001 - 6000 |  All Articles

Family and Children | Hadith | Health | Hijab | Islam and Christianity | Islam and Medicine | Islamic Personalities | Other | Personal Growth | Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) | Qur'an | Ramadan | Science | Social Issues | Women in Islam |

Islamic Articles
Islamic Links
Islamic Cemetery
Islamic Books
Women in Islam
Aalim Newsletter
Date Conversion
Prayer Schedule
Q & A
Contact Info


Allah the Creator of all

- Commentary by Sayyid Qutb

Posted by: "mail2shahid"   sk_999999999

Tue Jun 23, 2009 1:17 pm


Allah the Creator of all

In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Beneficent


Allah's judgment has come; so do not seek to hurry it on. Limitless He is in

His glory and sublimely exalted above anything people may associate with

Him. He sends down angels with this divine inspiration, (bestowed) by His

will on any of His servants He may wish: "Warn (mankind) that there is no

deity but Me: so fear Me." He has created the heavens and the Earth with

truth; sublimely exalted above anything people may associate with Him. He

creates man out of a drop of sperm; yet this same man is openly contentious.

*(The Bee, An-Nahl: 16: 1-4)*


The nonbelievers in Makkah used to ask the Prophet (peace be upon him) to

hasten their punishment in this life, or to hasten the punishment Allah has in

store for them in the life to come. As time passed with no punishment being

inflicted, they would urge the Prophet more and more to hasten it, showing

that they could not care less. They thought that Muhammad (peace be upon

him) was warning them against something that would never happen. His only

aim, as they imagined, was to get them to believe what he said and accept

his faith. They could not understand Allah's wisdom in giving them time. Nor

could they appreciate His grace. They would not reflect on the signs He has

placed everywhere in the universe around them. Nor would they reflect on His

revelations in the Qur'an, which address people's minds and hearts. That is

a much more effective address than punishment and suffering. It is more

worthy of man whom Allah has honored when He gave him a mind and feeling to

study and reflect, as well as an independent will and free choice.


The opening of the surah is very decisive: "Allah's judgment has come." It

implies that the command has been given, and that Allah's will has been made.

That is sufficient for the judgment to come to pass at the time appointed

for it by Allah Himself. "So do not seek to hurry it on." The laws Allah has set

operate in accordance with His will. They cannot be hurried on, nor can they

be postponed to satisfy people's wishes. The statement here tells us that

Allah's judgment, to resurrect people or to inflict His punishment, has been

made. It will come to pass at the time Allah has determined. There shall be no

hurrying or delay.


The decisive nature of this statement is highly effective, even in the case

of those who try to put a careless face. Moreover, it expresses the truth.

Whatever Allah wills is bound to take place. The fact that He has made a

judgment means that it is carried out, and that it becomes part of the

reality. Hence, there is no overstating of the facts or deviating from them.


Their beliefs, associating partners with Allah, and all the false concepts

that they formulate on this basis, are far removed from the true nature of

Allah: "Limitless He is in His glory and sublimely exalted above anything

people may associate with Him." Beliefs that ascribe divinity to anyone

other than Allah are all without foundation. They are only the result of

degenerate and disgraceful thinking.


Allah, who does not abandon mankind to their erring beliefs and baseless

concepts, sends down from on high what gives them life and saves them: "He

sends down angels with this divine inspiration, (bestowed) by His will on

any of His servants He may wish." This is Allah's greatest favor and blessing.

He does not only send down water from the sky to make the earth quicken and

to give physical life, as the surah will soon mention. He also sends down

the angels with His divine inspiration. The Arabic expression uses the word

rooh, which also means "spirit," for inspiration. This adds connotations of

life within peopleŽs souls, consciences and feelings, and within society so

as to preserve it from corruption. That is the first thing that Allah sends

down to people from on high, and it is His most important blessing and

bounty. Allah's purest creation, the angels, are sent down to His chosen

servants, the Prophets, giving them a message that is summed up in these

words: "Warn (mankind) that there is no deity but Me: so fear Me."


The emphasis here is on the oneness of Allah, which is the central point of

the Islamic faith. It breathes life into peopleŽs souls. It is also the

parting point between the way, which gives life and the one, which destroys

it. A soul that does not believe in the oneness of Allah is lost, confused,

pulled in all directions by diverse and contradictory concepts and beliefs.

It cannot move with its whole being to achieve a definite goal. The usage of

the term rooh in reference to Allah's message implies all these. Indeed it

provides a fitting reference to them at the beginning of this surah, which

speaks of a great variety of Allah's blessings. It is the top of all these,

the one blessing without which all other blessings lose their value. Indeed

man does not make a proper use or derive proper benefits from any thing on

earth unless his soul comes alive with the great blessing of faith.


The warning is given a special mention so as to appear to be the central

point of the message, because the larger part of the surah speaks about the

nonbelievers who deny Allah's blessing, prohibit what Allah has made lawful,

violate their covenant with Allah and reject the faith altogether. This makes

the warning more appropriate at the outset. The warning is coupled with a

call to fear Allah and beware of incurring His displeasure.


The surah then begins to outline the aspects of creation that emphasize the

oneness of the Creator, and the aspects of blessing that confirm the oneness

of the One who bestows them all. All these are shown in groups that follow

one another, starting with the creation of the heavens and the earth, and

the creation of man: "He has created the heavens and the earth with truth;

sublimely exalted above anything people may associate with Him. He creates

man out of a drop of sperm; yet this same man is openly contentious."


"He has created the heavens and the earth with truth." The truth is at the

core of their creation and their existence. Indeed the truth is an essential

element in managing their affairs and the affairs of all the creation that

live in both. Nothing of that is created in vain or idle play. Everything

derives its existence on the basis of the truth, and leads eventually to the

truth. "Sublimely exalted above anything people may associate with Him." He

is exalted above their pagan beliefs and above those of His creation whom

they associate with Him. He is indeed the One who has created the heavens

and the earth and all creatures living in them. No creature is worthy of

being His partner. Indeed He has no partners.


"He creates man out of a drop of sperm; yet this same man is openly

contentious." The gulf is so huge between the origin and the end, between

the worthless sperm and the man in open contention. He disputes with his

Lord and denies Him. He argues about His existence or His oneness. Yet the

way the verse runs leaves no gap between the point of origin, the drop of

sperm, and the grown up man engaged in dispute and contention. That shows

the contrast to be complete and the gulf too wide. These two contrasting

images of man are intended to enhance the effect of expression.


"And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of

wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient

ones)." *(QurŽan, 2:155)*


"...Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without

reckoning." *(Qur'an, 39:10)*


- Commentary by Sayyid Qutb


* Permission is granted to circulate among private individuals and

groups, to post on Internet sites and to publish in full text and subject

title in not-for-profit publications. ** *

Please report any broken links to Webmaster
Copyright © 1988-2012 All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer

free web tracker