TOUCHING THE QUR'AN
Recitation of the Quran During Menses and Post Natal Bleeding
First of all, the Shariah deals with the sexually defiled men/women and menstruating women in very different matters and ways. There are lots of differences between them:
· The sexually defiled man/woman can at any time he/she wishes remove that state. He/she can make ghusl and if there is no water then they can perform tayammum.
· Menstruating woman can not do such a thing, she is in that state for as long as Allah (SWT) wills, until her period comes to an end.
Recitation of the Quran by menstruating and post-partum bleeding women has been made permissible by the Malikis, Shafis, Hanbalis, Abu Hanifa, and a number of other scholars. Their proof being:
· Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim concerning the Eid prayer. Narrated Umm 'Atiya (RA):
· "I heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) saying that the unmarried virgins and the mature girls and the menstruating women should come out and participate in the good deeds as well as invocations of faithful believers but the menstruating women should keep away from the Musallah - praying place [Salat (prayers)]. Someone asked (Umm 'Atiya)(surprisingly), "Do you say the menstruating women?" She replied, "Doesn't a menstruating woman attend 'Arafat (Hajj) and such and such (other deeds)?"
is a type of remembrance of Allah (SWT) and supplication is not any different
Narrated ‘Aisha (RA):
· "We set out with the sole intention of performing Hajj and when we reached Sarif, (11 kms. from Makka, I got my menses. Allah’s Messenger (SAW) came to me while I was weeping. He said "What is the matter with you? Have you got your menses? I replied, "Yes." He said, "This is a thing Allah (SWT) has ordained for the daughters of Adam. So do what all the pilgrims do with the exception of Tawaf (Circumambulation) round the Ka’bah." ‘Aisha (RA), added, "Allah’s Messenger (SAW) sacrificed cows on behalf of his wives."
Pilgrims make dhikr and read Quran. There was no objection from the Prophet (SAW) and he (SAW) actually "told" Aisha (RA) to do so.
being hardship. A woman might forget what she memorized.
There is no harm whatsoever in a menstruating woman or post-partum bleeding woman reciting the Quran from their memory without actually touching the Quran.
Touching the Quran During the Menstruation and Post-Partum Bleeding
The most often quoted evidences, is an Ayat from the Quran:
· ".... None can touch but those who are pure..." (Al-Waqi'a 56:79)
A common mistake, is people taking verses and applying it to a particular Fiqh (point). Yet when you study the verse in more detail you will find, in fact, it is not related to the point whatsoever.
· "That (this) is indeed an honourable recital (the Noble Quran). In a Book well-guarded (with Allah in the heaven i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz). Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but those who are pure from sins (i.e. the angels). A Revelation (this Quran) from the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists). (Al-Waqi'a 56:77-80).
context this Ayat refers to "…a Book well-guarded," and this means a Book
with Allah (SWT). It is not talking about the physical Quran we have in our
presence here on earth..
· "...In a Book well-guarded (with Allah in the heaven i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).
According to the Tafsir of Tabari and Ibn Kathir and also according to Jamal al-deen al-Qasami, this Ayat is not in reference to humans having to be free from impurities.
· " Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but those who are pure from sins (i.e. the angels)."
This verse in reference to the Angels and not mankind. In a Hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah (RA), the Prophet (SAW) states, "a believer never becomes impure."
"The Prophet (SAW) came across me in one of the streets of Medina and at that time I was in a state of Janaba. So I slipped away from him and went to take a bath. On my return the Prophet said, "O Abu Hurayrah! Where have you been?" I replied, " I was in a state of Janaba, so I disliked to sit in your company." The Prophet (SAW) said, "Subhan Allah! A believer never becomes impure." (Sahih Bukhari)
There are four possible meanings of Taher (pure) in this Hadith:
A letter sent
to the Emperor of Rome by the Prophet (SAW). The Prophet (SAW) had good reason
to believe that the Emperor would touch it. Some will argue that a piece of
paper is not Quran so this may not be such a strong argument.
"The messenger of Allah (SAW) said to me: Get me the mat from the mosque. I said: I am menstruating. Upon this he remarked: Your menstruation is not in your hands." (Sahih Muslim)
Hadith that states, "A believer does not become impure." A clear text by The Prophet (SAW). A believer is considered Taher under ALL circumstances. Therefore, believer in this Hadith means Taher. The only one who should touch the Quran is a believer (i.e. A Muslim).
Ayat: "None can touch but those who are pure (Taher)." There is no
record whatsoever of Prophet (SAW) telling believers not to touch Qur'an.
Reading The Quran During Menses
There is no prohibition from the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) prohibiting a woman from reading the Quran in the state of her menses.
There is no prohibition. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did not prohibit it. All we have is the statement of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) that he used to recite the Quran under all conditions except when he was in a state of Janaba that is after having sexual intercourse when it was necessary for him to take a bath.
This is the basis; this is the foundation, from which all of these different opinions are derived. So, some scholars made a comparison between this state of Janaba with that of menses.
But of course, they are not the same because the state of Janaba can be removed by merely washing oneself. By taking a bath your impure state is over. Now you can read the Quran. Whereas in the state of menses, a woman cannot just wash herself then go and read. She is still in that state of menses.
If we are dealing now with the translation of the Quran, translations of the meanings of the Quran, then all this is of NO importance at all because translations of the Quran are not considered to be Quran. So no matter what state you are in, you can read it, you can pick it up, you can touch it, there is no problem at all because the Quran that we have, even if the Arabic text is there too, is still not considered Quran.
position which is held in determining what is considered Quran and what is not,
is that whenever the words of other than Allah (SWT), in a given text, is more
than the words of Allah (SWT), that text is no longer considered Quran because
Quran refers to a single verse if we take a verse of Quran by itself this is
called Quran also. But if there comes along with this verse, other words, you
have given an explanation of it, which is more than what constitutes the verse,
and then this is no longer considered Quran.
The following information is taken from "Duties of a Muslim Husband" a lecture by Shaikh Abu-Ameenah Bilal Phillips
It is Permissible for a Menstruating Woman to Recite the Quran and Books of Supplications
There is no harm in a menstruating or post-partum bleeding woman reading the books of supplications that are written for the rites of the pilgrimage. In fact, there in nothing wrong with her reciting the Quran according to the correct opinion. There in no authentic, clear text prohibiting a menstruating or post-partum bleeding woman from reciting the Quran. The thing that is narrated is concerned with the sexually defiled person only, as such should not recite the Quran while he/she is sexually defiled. This is based on the Hadith of Ali (RA). As for the menstruating or post-partum bleeding woman, there is the Hadith of Ibn Umar (RA), which states:
· "Neither the menstruating woman nor the sexually defiled person is to recite anything from the Quran."
However, this is a weak Hadith. This is because it is from the narrations of Ismail ibn Iyyash on the authority of people from the Hijaz and he is weak when he narrated from them.
In the case of a sexually defiled male/female, he/she may make ghusl as soon as he has done the act with his/her spouse. The amount of time is not long and he/she is in control of its length as he/she may make ghusl whenever he/she wishes. Even if he/she cannot find water, he/she can make tayammum and pray or recite the Quran.
However, the menstruating or post-partum bleeding woman does not have control over their lengths, such control is in the hands of Allah (SWT). Menstruation and post-partum bleeding take days. Therefore, it is allowed for them to recite the Quran so that they do not forget what they have memorized and so they will not lose merits of reciting it. It is also so they may learn the laws of the Shariah from the Book of Allah (SWT).
Therefore, it is even more so permissible for her to read the books of supplications that have verses and Hadith intermixed with them. This is the correct view and is the correct opinion of the scholars - may Allah (SWT) have mercy on them - on that point. - Shaikh ibn Baz (ra)
2. Hasanuddin Ahmed, "Can we touch the Qur'an without performing Wudu". Al-Balaagh, Vol.25, No.2, May/June 2000, p.5
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