Why Islam is a women-friendly religion
By Ahmed Versi
The media has portrayed an image of the Taliban's oppression of women which
Westerners have found fascinating and horrifying. What is overlooked is the long
history of Islam's gender equality and the many examples around the world of how
Islam continues to promote women's opportunities.
When Imam Zuhri, a Muslim scholar of the Sunnah (life and practice of the
Prophet), in the eighth century, told Qasim ibn Muhammad, a scholar of the
Qur'an, that he wished to seek knowledge, Qasim advised him to join the assembly
of a well-known woman jurist called Amra bint al-Rahman.
Early Islamic history is replete with famous women jurists and scholars. Muslim
women were famous in all fields of knowledge.
Shaykha Shuhda, known as Fakhr al-Nisa, living in the eleventh century, was well
known in literature, rhetoric, poetry, and history. She gave public lectures in
the mosque of Baghdad attended by many 'ulama (scholars). Shaykha Shuhda granted
diplomas to many famous men of her time.
In the spiritual field, Rabi'a al-Adawiyyah, a great Sufi of Basra, in the
eighth century, infused the concept of divine love with such intensity that she
devoted her whole life to contemplation of God. Khadijah, wife of the Prophet,
was a very successful trader. She used her wealth in the way of Islam by helping
the poor, in freeing slaves, and propagating the message of the nascent
religion. Khadijah was one of many women at that time who ran their own
Women were consulted in the conduct of political affairs by the caliphs (Khalifah)
from the seventh century right through to the end of the Ottoman Empire. For
example, Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph, consulted both Shifa bint
Abdallah and Samara bint Nuhayk, who worked as inspectors in the market of
Madinah. Women were among the first Muslims who were forced to leave their homes
because of persecution and then spread the message of Islam. They were also
among the first martyrs.
In the Qur'an, the main source for Islamic teachings, men and women have
absolute parity: "The true believers, both men and women, are friends to each
other, they enjoin what is just and forbid what is evil, they attend to their
prayers and pay the alms-tax and obey God and his Apostle."
The only characteristic which distinguishes and differentiates between human
beings in the Qur'an is piety.
"Men and women, we have created you from a male and female and divided you into
nations and tribes that you might get to know one another, the noblest amongst
you in God's sight is he who fears Him most."
Both men and women are encouraged to acquire knowledge. The Prophet has said:
"The quest for knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim (men and women)."
Do we find the high status and equal treatment of women that Islam prescribes?
Not in the Western-created and sponsored Taliban where women are barred from
participating in public life.
Nor can we find it in the pro-Western secular state of Turkey, a country which
prides itself on more than 70 years of secularism and "women's emancipation".
Muslim women are not allowed to work in government offices, the civil service,
government hospitals and judiciary. They are also forbidden from teaching in the
government universities. Nor can they take up a seat in the parliament. Why?
Because they wear the hijab (head scarf).
Yet there are countries where Islamic Law is implemented where the women are
empowered. In Sudan, there are 21 women in the parliament. The Federal Supreme
Court - the highest judiciary body in Sudan - has three female judges; in the
British equivalent body, there are none. These women earn the same pay as their
male counterparts; a total of 70 women work in the judiciary.
Nor is there any bar against women obtaining positions of power and serving in
government. Professor Sit el Nafar Badi, for example, chairs the Industrial
Committee of the National Assembly, with 40 men working under her. Yet this is a
country where Islamic Law is implemented.
So where does the stereotyping of Islam as oppressive to women originate? Why
does it receive such attention in the Western media? And why is so little
attention given to Islamic countries where women do participate fully in public
life? Could it be that the answers to these questions lie in political
expediency and a historical desire for the West's political hegemony over the
resource-rich Islamic world rather than in a genuine desire to see women
Ahmed Versi is the Editor of the national newspaper, The Muslim News.
The above article appeared in Face to Faith section of The Guardian. Saturday,
November, 16, 1996.