Fiqh made Easy – Fasting /part 2Fiqh made Easy – Fasting /part 2
Allah, the Exalted, says:
‘It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are a garment for you, and you are a garment for them. Allah knows that you have been acting unjustly to yourselves wherefore He has turned to you with mercy and afforded you relief. So you may now go in unto them and seek what Allah has ordained for you; and eat and drink until the white thread becomes distinct to you from the black thread of the day. Then complete the fast till nightfall and do not go in unto them while you remain in the mosques for devotion. These are the limits fixed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus does Allah make His commandments clear to men that they may become secure against evil.’[2:187]
Imam Ibn Kathir, may Allah have mercy on him, said:
‘This is a permit from Allah to the Muslims, and an ease from the first state of fasting. It used to be that if one of them broke his fast, everything would become Halal for him from food and drink and intercourse until the Isha’ prayer or until he sleeps before that. Whichever is first, after which, everything would become unlawful for him until the next day after breaking fast.
The Muslims found this very hard. Allah then revealed this ayat, and the Muslims were very excited because, in it, Allah made lawful drinking, eating and intercourse in any night of fasting until the whiteness of the dawn is clear from the black thread of the night.’
*We take from this ayat that it is praiseworthy and good to eat Suhûr before fasting. In the two Sahîh, it is reported that Anas (t) said that the Messenger of Allah, (r), said:
‘Eat Suhûr, indeed there is Barakah in Suhûr.’
There are numerous reports about eating Suhûr even if just taking a sip of water. It is praiseworthy to delay it till its last time, just before Fajr.
If a person wakes up, and he is in a state of major ritual impurity, or the period of a woman ends, before Fajr they should start with the Suhûr, start the fast, and delay the compulsory wash till after the true dawn.
*Today many people stay up the most of the night, and then have Suhûr then go to sleep before Fajr by a few hours. These people have fallen into the following errors:
1. They started the fast before the actual time of fast.
2. They do not pray Fajr on its time, or do not pray it in Jama’ah. Allah says,
‘Woe to the people who pray. Those who are unmindful of their prayer.’
*The person should have his intention from the night to fast. If the person has intention to fast, from the night and sleeps but does not wake up till after the Fajr, he should not eat anything, and his fast is correct, Inshallah.
Note: The place of intention is in the heart, thus it should not be pronounced by the tongue. If a person is in the month of Ramadhan he knows that he is going to wake up fasting tomorrow for every day; this thought is the intention, and should be in his heart every night.
*It is praiseworthy to break the fast as soon as the sun sets. Sahl b. Sa’d (t) said that the Prophet (r) said:
‘People would be in a good state of affairs as long as they break their fast quickly.’
And in the Qudsi Hadeeth, Allah says:
‘Indeed the most beloved slaves to Me are those who break their fast quickly.’
With what should we break the fast?
*It is from the Sunnah that the person break his fast on Rutub dates (fresh dates), but if he cannot then he should break his fast on Tamar (dried dates); if he cannot then he should break it with water. Anas (t) said that the Prophet (r) used to break his fast before prayer on a few Rutub dates, if not then with Tamar, if not then he would drink a few sips of water. [Ahmed/Abu Dawûd and at-Tirmidthi]
If a person cannot find any Rutub, Tamar, or water, then he should break his fast on a thing which is readily available to him, from food and drink (of course Halal!).
*We should point to one thing here, that is that some people after breaking their fast start with the main course and delay the Maghrib prayer considerably. This is not in accordance with the guidance of Muhammad (r). Rather break your fast with a few dates or water, get up and pray the Maghrib in Jama’ah, and then eat you dinner.
*It is praiseworthy that the person make du’aa when he breaks his fast. The Prophet (r) said:
‘The fasting person has an accepted du’aa when he breaks his fast which will not be rejected.’
When you break your fast you should say,
‘Dtha’ha-badth-thu’ma’ûwub’tul’latill-urûq wa thaba’tul aj’rû, In’sha Allah.’
Allah knows best
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Posted by sister
Dated: 5th August 2009
Filled Under: Articles, Ramadan
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